Welcome to Our Parkinson's Place

I copy news articles pertaining to research, news and information for Parkinson's disease, Dementia, the Brain, Depression and Parkinson's with Dystonia. I also post about Fundraising for Parkinson's disease and events. I try to be up-to-date as possible. I have Parkinson's
diseases as well and thought it would be nice to have a place where
updated news is in one place. That is why I began this blog.
I am not responsible for it's contents, I am just a copier of information searched on the computer. Please understand the copies are just that, copies and at times, I am unable to enlarge the wording or keep it uniformed as I wish. This is for you to read and to always keep an open mind.
Please discuss this with your doctor, should you have any questions, or concerns. Never do anything without talking to your doctor. I do not make any money from this website. I volunteer my time to help all of us to be informed. Please No advertisers, and No Information about Herbal treatments. Please no advertisements.
This is a free site for all.
Thank you.

Sunday, January 21, 2018

FoxFeed Blog: What Does the Government Shutdown Mean for the Parkinson’s Community?

Posted by  Allyse Falce, January 20, 2018

In the early hours of Saturday, January 20, the federal government shut down. This happened because Congress was unable to agree on a budget and current funding levels expired. Now, large numbers of federal employees are furloughed (meaning they are not permitted to work), impacting daily government operations. The shutdown will last until Congress reaches a funding compromise.
Because government policies and programs play a significant role in furthering research and helping people access care, you may be wondering how the shutdown will affect the Parkinson's community. This blog provides information on what we know at this time.

I receive Social Security payments. What will happen to my monthly check?
If you currently receive Social Security payments, you will continue to get your checks during the shutdown. However, if you are in the application or appeals process for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits, you may be impacted. This is because the government shutdown requires the Social Security Administration (SSA) to furlough the vast majority of its employees. Without proper staffing, the SSA cannot function at the capacity necessary to promptly process applications and appeals.

I am a Medicare beneficiary. Can I still access care through the program?

If you are already enrolled in Medicare, your normal care and services are unlikely to be impacted.

People living with Parkinson's who are under 65 and trying to get on Medicare may be affected. These individuals are required to be on SSDI for two years before they qualify for Medicare. If you are currently receiving SSDI benefits and are coming to the end of your two-year waiting period, you may experience delays in your Medicare application process due to employee furloughs.

I am a veteran. Will I be able to continue my care through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)? 

Yes, you will still be able to access all of your VA care services. The VA receives advanced appropriations, which means it's given its funding one year ahead of time. Because of this, the VA is not impacted by the shutdown in the same way as other federal departments. However, if you have submitted an appeal to the Board of Veterans Appeals, processing of your claim may be delayed due to employee furloughs. 

I am a Parkinson's researcher. What will happen to my work funded by the federal government?

Parkinson's researchers receiving grants from the National Institutes of Health will be able to continue their studies for as long as their current money allows them to. However, many grants are awarded in multiple installments and no additional payments on existing grants will be made until the shutdown is over. NIH staff will not review grant applications or make any new funding awards during the shutdown.

The NIH Clinical Center, a hospital and research institute, will continue caring for current patients but will not admit new ones unless it's deemed medically necessary.
Please feel free to reach out to if you have additional questions about how the shutdown could impact Parkinson's research and care.

Marathoner takes running, teaching ‘to the extreme’ — 7 times over

January 21, 2018 -By Craig Schneider

East Hampton Middle School teacher plans to run in seven marathons in seven days on seven continents, making it a lesson along the way.

Marathoner and teacher Cara Nelson gets a send-off at East Hampton Middle School on Thursday, Jan. 18, 2018. Photo Credit: Gordon M. Grant

Cara Nelson laughs as she describes the herculean task before her. Seven marathons. In seven days. On seven continents.
“This is taking marathon running to the extreme,” said the seventh-grade social studies teacher at East Hampton Middle School.
The Smithtown native is doing it to test herself and to raise money for charity. And she’s doing it for the kids at her school.
They’ll be with her all along the way — interactively, that is. Nelson plans on periodically posting live videos while she is running — including lesson plans for the students — and the kids can post their responses. 
“I’ll literally be taking my kids on a trip around the world, without them having to pack a bag,” she said.
Nelson, 31, is competing in the World Marathon Challenge, a globe-trotting race designed to test a person’s physical endurance, mental fortitude and, she admits, sanity.
Having already run four marathons, Nelson knows it will be grueling. She’ll be running 183 miles from Jan. 30 to Feb. 5 with little more than a night’s sleep between each race.
She’s not sure how her body will react. But when she hits the wall of exhaustion — and she knows she will — she’ll be pushing through it for the kids, not wanting to let them down.
East Hampton Middle School has transformed Nelson’s wild ride into a king-size teaching moment. Social studies classes are studying the cultures of each of the seven race locations. Math students are calculating Nelson’s pace per mile. Science students are charting the effects of different elevations on her performance.
Principal Charles Soriano said the kids are excited and determined.
“They’ve eaten it up,” Soriano said. “It’s so important for kids to have hands-on, mind-on activities.”
On Thursday, the entire school gathered for an assembly in the gymnasium to wish her well. Pupils sat at tables festooned with international flags and sampled foods from the seven continents. The chorus sang her “Heal the World.”
Nelson sees a life lesson here for the kids.
“You don’t have to be the strongest or fastest or smartest to do great things,” she said. “As long as you work hard and believe in yourself, you can do anything.”
Her husband will follow her exploits from their apartment in Moriches. For the past 18 months, Chris Hotzak has watched his wife wake up at 4 a.m. to go running. 
He knows she loves to push the envelope, if not shred it. Her regular days are filled with teaching and coaching the debate team as well as girls soccer, basketball and lacrosse.
“She has the mental game of any great competitor,” Hotzak said. “Everything she does she’s been successful at. I have no doubt she will succeed at this — as crazy and hard as it is.” 
The marathon challenge brings together three of Nelson’s passions: running, travel and charity. 
She’s part of a team of 16 runners aiming to raise $2 million for various causes, including fighting cancer, Parkinson’s disease and Lou Gehrig’s disease. The website to donate at is
The World Marathon Challenge began in 2015 and has grown from 12 participants to 54 this year, said the event’s founder and race director, Richard Donovan. It attracts a variety of competitors, including top marathon runners, special forces soldiers and people with disabilities.
Most people who start the race end up finishing, Donovan said.
“It’s obviously a lifetime experience, and people draw on all kinds of inner strength to finish, no matter how much their body tells them to stop,” he said.
The cost to compete is about $35,000, but the entire costs for the team were covered by an anonymous sponsor, team captain David Samson said, so all the money raised on the team’s website will go to charities.
The race, perhaps the mother of all marathons, begins in Novolazarevskaya Station, Antarctica, where the temperature is expected to be about 14 degrees and the winds cut through you like cold steel.
When Nelson finishes that, she will remove her waterproof, Gore-Tex-lined running shoes and hop on a jet chartered by the race organizers with some 50 other runners. She’ll squeeze in some sleep and then don lighter sneakers for the course in Cape Town, South Africa. She’ll have only nine hours from the finish of one race to the start of the next.
From there it’s off to Perth, Australia; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Lisbon, Portugal; Cartagena, Colombia; and finally Miami.
When Nelson first heard about the big race, she didn’t think it was physically possible.
Now she’s thinking about the finish line, that one in Miami where it all ends. 
She sees herself struggling to make the final strides, and raising her exhausted arms in victory. 
Then she’ll listen to the applause online from the kids back home.

Parkinson’s disease won’t keep man from epic challenge

When Bret Parker packs his luggage for the World Marathon Challenge, he’ll include some pretty unusual provisions: medicines to manage his Parkinson’s disease.
Running in the World Marathon Challenge is a huge athletic achievement by any standard, but the race that features seven marathons in seven days on seven continents is especially demanding for Parker, who is fighting the degenerative disease of the nervous system. 
Parker, 49, was diagnosed 11 years ago, and he’s learned his symptoms can worsen when he’s stressed and fatigued. He fully expects that will occur during the race. He’s seen it during training runs. His right arm and leg stiffens up, making it tougher to get along.
The worst, though, is when his feet cramp up.
“That’s a little painful,” Parker said.
Parkinson’s is perhaps most identified as the malady afflicting actor Michael J. Fox. The disease gradually causes more and more stiffness and involuntary movements such as jerking and swaying. 
Participating in the race that begins Jan. 30 is Parker’s way to battle the disease, to never let it limit him.
Parker sums up his battle philosophy in three words: Do epic stuff. So far, the man who divides his time between Sag Harbor and Manhattan has sky-dived and finished a triathlon, practically coughing up a lung during the swimming competition.
When the World Marathon Challenge came on his radar, Parker, the executive director of the New York City Bar Association, knew he had to track it down.
The race has no qualifying criteria, and Parker along with some other participants don’t approach it as a competition with anyone but themselves. His goal is simply to finish it and cross off another line on the bucket list.
As monumental as this challenge is to him, Parker sees it as a step in his far larger race against time. There is no cure for Parkinson’s. People don’t die from it, they die with it, he noted. 
He’s more fortunate than many who have had the disease for a decade. When his medicine kicks in, he said, you’d hardly notice his symptoms.
“If you sit next to me, you might not see a thing,” he said. “But if there’s stress and fatigue involved, or if my medicine is wearing off, I get tremors in my right hand, stiffness on my right side and cramps in my feet.”
His training has already led him to two neurologists, a chiropractor, two physical therapists and a massage therapist. 
Moreover, he knows that someday this disease may well get the best of him, and that his window of opportunity to run in this event is narrowing.
For now, he’s raised $160,000 that will go to the Michael J. Fox Foundation. And he’s still got something to prove.
“I’m not blind to the fact that I have this disease,” Parker said. “But I don’t have to let it control how I live.”

Saturday, January 20, 2018

Zoe Butchen leads Shake Your Heart Out initiative at Ridgefield High School on February 10

January 20, 2018     Written by Dance/Shake/Donate

Zoe Butchen, a senior at Ridgefield High School, is leading the Dance Shake Donate Initiative to support the Michael J. Fox Foundation in its research to cure Parkinson’s Disease.
After Zoe’s father was diagnosed with the disease a few years ago, she took it upon herself to do all that she could to contribute to this very worthy cause. She started her own charity initiative to get young people engaged in the efforts to raise awareness for Parkinson’s Disease and work to support a cure for it.
This year, students and teachers will form teams and raise money to participate in one big dance extravaganza "Shake Your Heart Out" at the high school on Saturday, February 10 from 5-8pm inside the Main Gym at Ridgefield High School.
Visit the Dance, Shake, Donate Facebook Page to learn about the event.

Interested In Sponsoring This Event?

For a contribution of $100, businesses can help this charity event and have the business name featured on the back of the event's tee shirts. The shirts will be distributed and worn by all of the participants and volunteers throughout the night.  The event is also seeking contributions of food, decorations, or accessories. Zoe has worked tirelessly to make her event possible and needs all the support she can get.
Click to become a sponsor:
If you are a member of the community who wants to support our marathon: 
For additional details or questions, please email

Indiana Parkinsons Foundation making lives better

By Kevin Thompkins  -  January 20, 2018 

Imagine discovering a tremor in your hands, finding it increasingly difficult to maintain your balance, and noticing a progressive loss of basic muscle control.

Now imagine there’s no test available to determine what’s wrong. Instead doctors have to eliminate everything else.

That’s what Parkinson’s disease sufferers go through.

Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder and the most common movement disorder. It is characterized by progressive loss of muscle control, which leads to trembling of the limbs and head while at rest, stiffness, slowness, and impaired balance. As symptoms worsen, it may become difficult to walk, talk, and complete simple tasks.

The Times is partnering with The Indiana Parkinson Foundation, an organization founded by Don Waterman, a Noblesville resident who suffers from the disease. Waterman was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease in 2008. The foundation will be writing a series of columns about the disease, including from suffers and caregivers, to promote education and awareness.

The first column appears in today’s issue of The Times.

The Waterman family created the Indiana Parkinson Foundation, a faith-based program dedicated to supporting people with Parkinson's disease. One of the innovations of the foundation was the creation of The Climb, an exercise program designed for people with Parkinson's.

Most of the movement-related symptoms of Parkinson's disease are caused by a lack of dopamine due to the loss of dopamine-producing cells. When the amount of dopamine is too low, communication between certain systems of the brain becomes ineffective, and movement becomes impaired; the greater the loss of dopamine, the worse the movement-related symptoms. Other cells in the brain also degenerate to some degree and may contribute to non-movement related symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

The foundation’s Climb exercise program has spread throughout the state. In Hamilton County it takes place 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Monday through Friday at Live Right Fitness Center, 14640 Herriman Blvd, Noblesville.

For more information visit

Asking the right question helps in dealing with disease

January 20, 2018 - L.J. McCulloch, Our Mental Health

Leonard J. McCulloch 

Recently, a good friend told me that life is not fair. I asked if she had figured that out all alone or had help. She wisely ignored my sarcasm and said that she feels of all the unfair things in life, Alzheimer’s disease ranks up there near the top, if not at the top, of the list.
Wow, I said, and this comes from you who has been dealing with Parkinson’s disease and cardiac comprises for a long time. Tell me more, I said.
She responded by sending me information from the Alzheimer’s Association. From this material, I learned that Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60-80 percent of dementia cases; approximately 200,000 Americans ages 65 and younger have younger-onset Alzheimer’s; that Alzheimer’s worsens over time; and, finally, that there is no cure.

I told her that the numerous ways in which Alzheimer’s steals a person’s life seem more staggering than I realized. Through no fault of one’s own, you can lose memory, judgment, knowledge of who you are and not be able to recognize your spouse or loved ones. One’s identity becomes unknown to themselves. Often, after they “lose their mind,” the physical losses set in. These can include the abilities to walk, talk, feed themselves, etc. Essentially, the Alzheimer’s person loses their life. This does not even begin to address the unfairness to their loved ones. There is a massive, profound, emotional devastation.
I responded to my friend by asking about other kinds of dementia, mental illness, trauma, brain injuries, autism, Down’s syndrome, etc. She said, “Yes, depending on the severity of loss to the afflicted and their loved ones, a case could be made that any severe neurological or associated condition could be as unfair or more unfair than Alzheimer’s or any other disorder, for that matter.”
In talking about this, we both realized that it is not the degree of unfairness of one’s affliction, but the attitude of the afflicted and the attitude of their loved ones. We agreed that the only thing worse than tragedy is an unhealthy attitude about the tragedy.
“Why me?” is often and, naturally, the early response of people who have trauma of any kind. Therapeutic healing has to begin somewhere and “Why me?” is often the starting point. But “Why me?” may never lead to an answer. So some ask: “Is this the right question?”
In the book “When Bad Things Happen to Good People” (by Harold Kushner) and Victor Frankl’s classic writing, “Man’s Search for Meaning,” remarkable suggestions are made. Essentially, they seem to point out that asking the question, “Why me?” is the wrong question. They say that the more therapeutic question is “What am I going to do now about this affliction/loss?” Or more importantly, “What are we going to do about this situation, disease, trauma, loss, etc. for ourselves and others?”
In thinking about and sharing these concepts with numerous people over four decades, people who have been diagnosed or afflicted in any way with a drastic deviation from health and wellness, I’ve yet to find anyone who disagrees. Admittedly, people may need time for mourning and grieving and therapeutic help in coming to this more adaptive question. It generally takes time and can be painful.
So, my friend and I agreed on this. It is not about what is more unfair than something else – it’s about our personal attitudes and example to others which really matters. What are we going to do with the hand of cards we are dealt? What are we going to do with the loss of health or development of illness that we encounter in life? Think about it.
This column is dedicated to the life of my sister-in-law, Linda McCulloch, and her loved ones. Linda died Jan. 6, 2018, after a two-year battle with Alzheimer’s, in the company of her loved ones.
Leonard J. McCulloch is a diplomate of the American Psychotherapy Association. He is a certified brain injury specialist and is board certified in traumatic stress, mental health, addictions and social work. He can be reached for a courtesy consultation at his Farmington Hills office at 248 474-2763, ext. 222.

Friday, January 19, 2018

Saint Mary’s launches Parkinson’s Disease program

Special to NNBW    
January 19, 2018

Saint Mary's Fitness Center is launching its first 12 week Chronic Disease Management Program for individuals with Parkinson's Disease.
During the 12 week program, participants will focus on methods to help improve their quality of life through developing healthy habits, prolonging independence, improving balance, mobility and gait, in addition to reducing stiffness associated with Parkinson's disease.
The program begins March 1. Signup deadline is Monday, Feb. 19 with a physician's clearance. Cost is $109 per person.
Group meetings are scheduled for Thursdays from noon to 1:15 p.m.
The program includes a three month membership to the fitness center, -pre and –post assessments, and weekly meetings for exercise, nutrition and health coaching. .
The program is designed to establish healthy habits including nutrition and health lifestyle overall. The exercise component will expose members to all forms of exercise, including: boxing, cycling, aqua aerobics, Tai Chi, yoga and basic cardio and strength workouts.
For details, contact Cassie Goodman, Medical Exercise and Safety Supervisor at 775-770-7874 or

FoxFeed Blog: Foundation Advocates for Access to Medicare Therapy Services

By  Allyse Falce,    January 19, 2018

Because Parkinson's involves a wide range of motor and non-motor symptoms, many people living with the disease choose to work with a variety of health care providers to address their needs. A physical therapist can provide strategies to maintain or improve mobility, an occupational therapist helps patients engage in the activities of daily life, and a speech therapist can address slurring or trouble swallowing.
Many people with Parkinson's receive their health care through Medicare and rely on the program to access these therapy services. But current law places limits, or caps, on the amount of outpatient physical, occupational and speech therapy a Medicare beneficiary can receive each calendar year. There is currently a combined $2,010 yearly cap for physical therapy and speech therapy, and a separate $2,010 yearly cap for occupational therapy. Once those amounts are reached, beneficiaries who require additional services in the calendar year are responsible for 100 percent of the cost.
To mitigate the impact of these caps, Congress created an exceptions process for services deemed medically necessary. This allowed Medicare to continue to pay for therapy above the cap if a provider submitted paperwork explaining that the services were needed. However, the exceptions process was temporary and expired on December 31, 2017.
The Michael J. Fox Foundation is currently working with other patient advocacy groups to urge Congress to reinstate the exceptions process permanently.
On Tuesday, January 16, 30 organizations, including MJFF, ran an ad in Roll Call asking Congress to address the caps. Physical, occupational and speech therapy are essential to maintaining independence and improving quality of life for many people with Parkinson's. Access to these services should not be cut off arbitrarily.
Stay tuned to the Foundation blog for the latest updates. We're monitoring this issue in Congress and will keep the community posted as it progresses.

How your smart phone can save your life!

January 19, 2018 -  By Ikechukwu Chukwuma & Omolola Shobowale

Smartphones have cleary evolved. In this new era, a number of apps are now connected to medical health care and safety. These apps are very easy to operate and can help in a case of emergency. Here are ways your smartphone can save your life.

Share location 

Google’s new personal safety app, Trusted Contacts, is designed to help in cases of emergency. All you have to do is download the app, and then allot Trusted status to friends and family. This allows them to see your activity status. It then opens a direct line of sharing between you and your loved ones. If you feel threatened, you can share your location with your contacts and vice-versa. If there is no cause for alarm, you can deny the request. But in a case where you don’t respond after five minutes, your location will automatically be shared with your friends and family anyway. The app displays your last known location to friends and family even if your phone is offline.

Another life-saving app is MPower

It is capable of detecting and tracking the symptoms of Parkinson’s. Parkinson’s Disease is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. 

Parkinson’s detection 

PD is a movement disorder related to loss of dopamine- producing cells in the midbrain. Symptoms of the disease include tremor, changes in gait, slowness (bradykinesia) and rigidity. The application analyses voice patterns to detect the degenerative disease by simply speaking into the phone. Around 70-90 percent of patients experience vocal impairment following the onset of the disease. The app also features finger tapping, walking and memory games to monitor the progression of the illness

HIV testing

A dongle created by Columbia University researchers can turn any smartphone into an HIV and Syphilis tester with a tiny drop of blood. Within 15 minutes, one can get a result. The device doesn’t need a battery to work; it draws power from the Smartphone. According to the paper published by the researchers in Science Translational Medicine, the dongle performs enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect HIV antibody, treponemal-specific antibody for Syphilis, and non-treponemal antibody for active Syphilis infection.

With the apps, Doctor Mole and SkinVision, one can easily detect skin cancer using their Smartphone. They let you take photos of the skin then proceed to analyse the symmetry, regularity of borders and colour to see if there is significant change.

Skin care

The app will flag any changes and also flag any moles that might need further examination by a dermatologist. 

A company named AliveCor launched a Smartphone case that doubles as an electrocardiogram (ECG) so you can keep track of your heart activity through your fingertips. Users simply rest their fingers on the case and the electrical impulses are turned into ultrasound signals and transmitted to the phone’s microphone. Then an algorithm can analyse the heart patterns and identify if there is a risk of stroke or cardiac arrest, even before symptoms reveal themselves.

Eye cancer 

An eye cancer called Retinoblastoma can easily be detected using a Smartphone camera. This cancer grows quickly, but if detected early, can save the life of the child and possibly prevent eye removal. It is very easy to detect using a Smartphone camera. All that needs to be done is take a photo of the eye using a flash. If one of the pupils appears white instead of black similar to the eye of a cat, reflecting light, it could be an indicator of an eye tumour. If it keeps on happening in photos, it’s best to go and see an ophthalmologist. 

Suicide prevention
A Friend Asks is a free app by the suicide prevention group, Jason Foundation, that aims at teaching its users how to recognise the signs that someone close to them, such as a friend or family member, may be thinking of committing suicide and how to reach out to them. It provides users with a list of common warning signs of suicide ideation, as well as do’s and don’ts for such a sensitive situation.

Security alert

With Lifeline Response app, users are asked to put a thumb on the smartphone screen feeling threatened. If the thumb leaves the phone’s screen during an attack, an ear-piercing sound is emitted from the phone and a message goes to authorities who are ready to help. The app can also be used to tag suspicious activities in neighbourhoods and alert others nearby. 


The Save Me Pro app developed by 12-year- old Dylan Puccetti of Galveston could save a life. It allows users send out emergency alert to a pre-arranged list of contacts simply by hitting the power button eight times.

Know Your Medicine: THCV

January 19, 2018 -BY 

As access to cannabis widens and research into the medicinal effects of its compounds expands, we’re learning there’s much more to the cannabis plant than THC and CBD. One of the most interesting cannabinoids in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabivarin or THCV. Preliminary studies show promising therapeutic effects for different ailments including diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. 
THCV results from a different chemical pathway than THC. Geranyl pyrophosphate joins with divarinolic acid to make cannabigerovarin acid (CBGVA), which changes to tetrahydrocannabivarin carboxylic acid (THCVA) when exposed to the enzyme THCV. When THCVA is heated, it decarboxylates to THCV.

Like other cannabinoids, THCV has biphasic effects, meaning it has differing effects on the body at different doses and blood concentration levels. At low doses, THCV is a neutral antagonist of the CB1 receptor, binding to the receptor without causing any effects; however, at this low dose, it blocks other compounds (like THC) from binding to the receptor. THCV is also a CB2 agonist, binding to this receptor — which is mostly located in the immune system and gut — giving anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.  
Research shows at higher doses, THCV has the opposite effect at the CB1 receptor, binding to it and activating it, which expectedly should cause some psychoactivity. Interestingly, participants in a study who received THCV were unable to distinguish it from a placebo as they felt no intoxicating effects. In the same study, the subjects reported that when they were given both THC and THCV together, the effects of THC were weaker or less intense.  
THCV is being investigated as an “anti-obesity and anti-type-2-diabetes” agent as it improved glucose intolerance and increased insulin sensitivity in obese mice. Additionally, the cannabinoid was shown to be a neuroprotective agent and relieved symptoms in an animal model of Parkinson’s disease.  
Another animal study demonstrated that THCV may have potent anti-nausea effects.
Anecdotally, patients who have tried THCV-rich strains report appetite suppression, less anxiety, fewer tremors, and pain relief. These strains are often recommended to those suffering PTSD who want help decreasing anxiety without becoming intoxicated.  
THCV is a secondary cannabinoid (THC and CBD being the primary cannabinoids) and most cannabis plants contain very small amounts.  However, there are a number of strains that have, on analytical testing, shown to contain physiologically significant levels of THCV. These strains include Black Beauty, Doug’s Varin, Durbin Poison, and Malawi Gold.
Englund, Amir, et al. “The effect of five day dosing with THCV on THC-induced cognitive, psychological and physiological effects in healthy male human volunteers: A placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover pilot trial.” Journal of Psychopharmacology 30.2 (2016): 140-151.

Garcia, C., et al. “Symptom‐relieving and neuroprotective effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ9‐THCV in animal models of Parkinson’s disease.” British journal of pharmacology 163.7 (2011): 1495-1506.
Pertwee, Roger Guy, et al. “The psychoactive plant cannabinoid, Δ9‐tetrahydrocannabinol, is antagonized by Δ8‐and Δ9‐tetrahydrocannabivarin in mice in vivo.” British journal of pharmacology 150.5 (2007): 586-594.
Rock, Erin M., et al. “Evaluation of the potential of the phytocannabinoids, cannabidivarin (CBDV) and Δ9‐tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), to produce CB1 receptor inverse agonism symptoms of nausea in rats.” British journal of pharmacology 170.3 (2013): 671-678.
Wargent, E. T., et al. “The cannabinoid Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) ameliorates insulin sensitivity in two mouse models of obesity.” Nutrition & diabetes 3.5 (2013): e68.

New Parkinson’s disease support group to start

 JANUARY 19, 2018 

LOWVILLE — A new support group for patients with Parkinson’s disease is starting in January at Lewis County General Hospital. 
Community member Sylvia Woodhouse is organizing the effort for individuals with Parkinson’s disease and their caregivers. Those who received a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease, have been living with it for a short time or have been managing the disease for many years, are welcome to attend this group. 
The first informational meeting will be held from 1:30 to 2:30 p.m. Thursday, Jan. 25, in the John C. Herrman MD Conference Room of the LCGH Medical Arts Building, 7785 N. State St., on the main campus.
Ms. Woodhouse is a long-time resident of Lewis County and was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease in 1997. “The support group will provide an opportunity for Parkinson’s patients and caregivers to connect with others in the same situation and expand their knowledge of the disease,” she stated. “We will also have tips and health information from area experts.”
There is no cost to attend. 
For more information, contact Ms. Woodhouse at 315-376-6280.