Many Potential Causes of Pain in Parkinson's Disease
Some types of pain are due to Parkinson's motor or non-motor symptoms, others to the underlying disease itself. Some pain or discomfort can't be linked directly to PD but is still fairly common. A list of top causes of pain in people with Parkinson's includes:
Multiple Approaches to Pain Management in Parkinson's
A few basic tenets for treating pain in Parkinson's are to:
Active Research into Several Aspects of Parkinson's Pain
Researchers are working to better understand the mechanisms behind pain in Parkinson's so that it can be more effectively addressed. They are looking for objective measurements, such as brain imaging, to diagnose and monitor pain, and to evaluate response to treatment. (Right now this can only be done subjectively, or by asking a person to rate their pain using a numerical or visual scale.) And, they're investigating several drugs and deep brain stimulation for their potential benefits in treating Parkinson's disease pain.